BENEFITS OF TREES
BENEFITS OF TREES
WHAT ARE THE BENEFITS OF TREES?
Trees are the largest and oldest single living element of our built and natural environment. They do not only provide timber and other products which are used in our everyday lives, they give a number of less quantifiable beneficial effects
Trees can reduce wind speeds around building. Preventing damage, whilst reducing heating and air conditioning costs. An average energy saving of approximately 10% per annum.
Cool the air
Evaporation, shade and heat reflection can greatly reduce the summer temperature in towns.
Soil erosion in a treeless area is over 1000 times greater than that of a woodland as roots hold in place the soil particles which normally would wash away to form sediment, clogging drains, watercourses and lakes.
Tree lined avenues, parks and woodland all provide a sheltered, stimulating and attractive location in which to exercise. They encourage people to walk and cycle on local journeys reducing road traffic along with generally improving the health of the participants.
Help reclaim land
Land which contains heavy metals and other contaminates can be planted with trees which absorb pollutants and reduce their levels in the future as the timber is harvested. Operations such as these are a cost effective way of returning derelict land into a usable state.
The planting and care of trees can draw a community together and give it a common goal. This often results in other aspects of an environment being improved whilst building community spirit.
Reduce the risk of flash flooding
By holding water in the canopy and slowing the rate of impact of the droplets and improving the porosity of soil, ground water is conserved and rapid runoff is prevented.
Filter air pollution
Tree canopies can act as a filter removing particulate pollution which is deposited on their leaves and trunk. They can also absorb carbon based and other gases which are a cause of global warming. In doing this they also release life giving oxygen as part of their living processes.
Trees, woodland and environmental areas can provide an outdoor classroom in which to study subjects such as math’s, science, geography, art and design, along with learning through informal play and exploration.
Closely planted belts of trees can absorb and reflect noise whilst providing a barrier through which noise is perceived to be less.
A well treed environment can give a mental feeling of well being along with having an actual beneficial effect on the recovery of post operative patients who require fewer pain killers and have reduced recovery time.
Dappled shade which trees provide are a useful barrier from damaging ultraviolet radiation, as well as reducing heat induced stress to both people and animals.
Trees of all ages have a wildlife importance. They provide habitat, shelter and diversity of an area and support a wide variety of mammals, birds and insects.
Trees have a softening effect on the hard urban environment. Often they are older than the built structures and provide an historical link with past land use. They reinforce local distinctiveness as natural trees and woodland tend to reflect the local climate, soils and landforms. Trees can form a beautiful back drop to urban settings whilst providing shelter and enclosure improving peoples enjoyment of the landscape.
Trees and woodland can provide direct employment to local people, attract inward investment and increase property values. They can bring derelict sites back to an attractive state that encourages further development and reduce the cost of open space management.